Updated on


Without the right knowledge and know-how, it is easy for parents to screw up the early childhood development years of growing children. The 0 – 8 years, also categorized as formative years will determine the health, intelligence, and completeness of children straight to adulthood.

Parenting mistakes during this period will impair children mentally and physically. They may never recover even up to adulthood. Parents should be watchful over their feeding, environment, and exposure to toxins and infections.

For these reasons, it is important to understand what happens inside their bodies up to the time they are 8, in order for them to successfully achieve early childhood development milestones.

What Actually Happens Between 0 – 8 Years?

The brain of the child grows rapidly from day one to the 8th year. Its weight is actually half-way complete by 6 months, and 90 percent mature at 8 years. And at 3 years the brain of a child is twice as active as that of an adult. The activity levels go down during the adolescent years. For this reason, they should be availed whatever is necessary to facilitate rapid brain growth.

Well documented guidelines explain the five cornerstone stages of infancy to early childhood development:

  • Cognitive skill development

This skill centers around the ability of a child to pay attention, retain it and think out solutions to problems.

  • Social and emotional development

The ability of a child to play, interact and accommodate other kids.

  • Speech and language development

This is about a child being able to understand and use language for purposes of communication.

  • Fine motor skill development

The ability of a child to use small muscles to accomplish smaller tasks, such as holding a spoon or a book.

  • Gross motor skill development

Is about a child using the larger muscles to accomplish bigger tasks. For example, a 3-month-old is expected to use such muscles to attempt sitting or a 10-month child using leg and hand muscles to stand up.


5 Ways to Mess up or Perfect Early Childhood Development


1.  Nutrition

The food you put on the table from early on will make or break the health and lifestyle of your children as they grow up. As mentioned earlier the young brain grows at an amazing speed and definitely requires the right kind of nutrition to fuel this process.

Good or bad nutrition affects intelligence, physical, emotional and behavioral learning processes both at this stage and adulthood. Parents should insist on organic foods rich in proteins, fats, carbohydrates and Vitamin A which provide sufficient servings of core nutrients. These are available in non-refined whole grains, leafy green vegetables, fruits, calcium-rich milk, lean meat and unrefined oils.

Leafy greens is great for kids
Leafy greens are great for kids

Water should also be preferred in place of carbonated drinks.

Parents should cut out excessive servings of refined and junk food. These are low in beneficial nutrients. They instead contain excess sugar, fat and salt. In addition, planned dining routines should be in place in order to cut out risk factors such as picky eating. The meals should be served on a timely basis every day.

Finally, smartphones and other devices should be kept away from the dining table. The TV too should preferably be off. The rules should apply to parent(s) too. If these habits are followed to the dot, they can form a firm building block in early childhood development.

2.  Health and Sickness

The well being of young children is heavily reliant on how healthy they are born and remain throughout the early child development years.

Technically, the health of the baby starts way back before conception, through birth to early childhood. A pair of healthy parents in addition to good feeding of the expectant mother and other factors will contribute to a healthy child during and after birth.

A child that falls sick repeatedly during early childhood years will experience delayed growth and miss out on growth milestones. Apart from genetic and unavoidable chronic illnesses, sickness as a whole can be prevented if parents avail clean environment at home.

The hygiene at home and surroundings should be exemplary and children should be taught to stay clean or clean up after dirty outings.

3.  Outdoor Play Time

let the kids play
Let the kids play

Right from the time they learn to crawl, kids develop the love for playing. It is a skill they want to explore extensively to stimulate brain growth. Active childhood strengthens the bones and charges up the nerves and muscles. These activities will also help the body burn the sugars and fats which they love to consume excessively. Besides, play helps them build up confidence and firm social skills through interactions with other kids.

They also experience a high sense of elevated excitement when they play in your presence. Participate as much as possible.

For these reasons provide the space for children to play, and let them play, play and play. This is better than them spending all day glued to tablets or smartphones.

The modern digital kids are, however, spending less time outdoors.  They prefer playing computer and other electronic games. Whereas this keeps them busy and allows parents to concentrate on other matters at home, it is slowly creating a generation of inactive children. This could be a breeding ground for health-related complications later on in life.

Interestingly, they will welcome the opportunity to go out and play early on than when they mature to adolescent years. Do it before it is too late.

4.   Poverty

Poverty impairs the development of children in very many ways. It makes them fail to meet the five childhood development milestones because their parents cannot fulfill even the basics of needs. They may not grow into useful persons if brought up in small, crampy, noisy, toxic and unhygienic surroundings.

It increases the likelihood that children will drop out of school earlier than their peers who come from well to do families. Statistics show that poor parents may not have gone far with education and therefore recreating the cycle in their children.

Poor parents also risk passing on the stress trait to the young ones. The parents and children in such families may not easily jump out of the poverty cycle, because of the time spent worrying. Thus, they miss out on social and emotional privileges enjoyed by their peers. Poor parents luck the time to show the necessary love that builds young children into socially and emotionally acceptable adults.

It gets worse if the neighborhood houses neighbors with bad habits. The talk and characteristics can impair the learning curve of innocent children.

Another equally unhealthy place to raise children is a war-torn environment. Children brought up in such surroundings very often develop negativity towards everything around them. Many never feel they are part of normal society even when they mature.

5.  EMF Radiation

Exposure to cell phone related radiation is one other negative effects of technology that is silently impacting on early childhood development stages.  Young children are ever more using mobile devices at the expense of other activities.

The cognitive, social and motor development skills are all affected. Kids now depend on computers to solve the simplest of tasks other than challenging themselves mentally. They spend a lot of time playing games on tablets than playing out in the fields and woods.

As a result, we are having to deal with the risks of EMF-related radiation which come with the extensive use of these devices.  The effect of this interaction is not explained clearly by everyone concerned. Not even the experts have clear answers.

It is up to parents to exercise caution to avert serious consequences later on in the life of their children. All parents should seriously consider EMF protection at home.